The anticipation and stress surrounding the 10th and 12th-grade board exams typically start a year in advance, during the 9th and 11th grades. To alleviate this pressure, concerted efforts are being made in accordance with the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) and a revamped examination format. In the coming years, we can expect significant changes in the entire education system, with preparations for this transformative journey already underway.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has rolled out substantial modifications to the examination pattern and scoring system for the 10th and 12th-grade board exams. These revisions are aimed at reducing the academic strain on students and curbing the prevalent coaching culture.
Scheduled to commence on February 15, 2024, the CBSE board exams are just around the corner. To provide students with valuable insights into the new examination format and scoring criteria, sample papers for classes 10 and 12 are now accessible on the official CBSE website at cbse.gov.in.
A notable alteration is the increased emphasis on competency-based questions in the 2024 CBSE board exams. This shift encourages students to delve into a deep understanding of the subjects rather than relying solely on rote memorization.
In the case of class 10, the examination will consist of 50 percent competency-based or case-oriented questions, 20 percent response-type questions, 20 percent multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and 30 percent constructed response questions, which encompass both short and long-answer questions.
For class 12, the distribution will be as follows: 40 percent competency-based or case-oriented questions along with other question types, 20 percent response-type questions, 20 percent MCQs, and 40 percent constructed response questions, including both short and long-answer questions.
Furthermore, the new sample papers reveal that students will be required to undergo a school pre-board examination prior to the main board examination. This change underscores the focus on ability-based questions, which will constitute a significant portion of the 2024 board exams.
To be specific, 50 percent of questions in class 10 and 40 percent of questions in class 12 will be based on abilities. In addition to these, objective, short-answer, and long-answer questions will also be incorporated into the board exams. Within the three-hour duration of the examination, students will need to respond to a varying number of questions, ranging from 15 to 35, depending on the paper.
The introduction of competency-based questions and the changes in the examination format for the 10th and 12th-grade CBSE board exams in 2024 are significant steps toward transforming the education system in India. These changes not only aim to reduce the burden of exam stress on students but also encourage a deeper understanding of subjects and discourage rote memorization.
Competency-based questions require students to apply their knowledge to real-life scenarios and problem-solving situations. This approach is expected to enhance critical thinking skills, analytical abilities, and practical knowledge, which are essential for success in the modern world.
In addition to competency-based questions, the inclusion of response-type questions, multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and constructed response questions in the examination pattern ensures a balanced assessment of students’ knowledge and skills. This diverse question format caters to different learning styles and allows students to demonstrate their understanding in various ways.
The decision to introduce a school pre-board exam before the main board examination is a strategic move to prepare students for the competency-based questions and the overall format of the 2024 board exams. This pre-board exam not only serves as practice but also provides valuable feedback to both students and teachers, helping them identify areas of improvement.
Furthermore, the emphasis on ability-based questions reflects a shift towards a more holistic and practical approach to education. It aligns with the objectives of the New Education Policy 2020, which emphasizes skill development, critical thinking, and a broader understanding of subjects.
It’s important to note that these changes are not only aimed at reducing exam stress but also at addressing the coaching culture that has become prevalent in India. By focusing on understanding and application rather than memorization, the CBSE is promoting a healthier and more sustainable approach to education.
As these reforms take effect, it is essential for students, teachers, and parents to adapt to the new examination format and provide the necessary support and guidance to ensure students’ success. With a renewed focus on competency and skills, the 2024 CBSE board exams are poised to produce well-rounded individuals equipped for the challenges of the future.